Volcanoes

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Hiatus in Warming, Arctic Amplification & Extreme Events.

Hiatus in Warming, Arctic Amplification, Extreme Events.

Three paradoxes; sulphate cooling and solar cycle do not explain hiatus; links to La Nina and AMOC ocean heat sequestration can; Arctic warming accelerated during hiatus as did sea ice and snow cover retreat; mid-latitude extreme events increased; possible unified explanation;
present, future impacts of arctic warming.

scripps.ucsd.edu

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Climate science: Paleoclimatology.

Paleoclimatology

Earth’s climate in the past 65 million years; orbital forcing and ice ages; instability of ice age climates; abrupt events; volcanoes, ice, and ocean circulaFon; our benign interglacial;
medieval warm period and liUle ice age; the Anthropocene.

scripps.ucsd.edu

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Origins of modern climate research.

Historical pioneers; the greenhouse effect; the increase of atmospheric CO2 concentraFons; earth system science, climate models, space observaFons; earth’s radiaFon balance and carbon cycle;
hard truths about climate change; ethical dilemmas; governance

scripps.ucsd.edu

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How Climate Change Leads to Volcanoes (Really)

Give climate change credit for one thing: it’s endlessly versatile. There was a time we called it global warming, which meant what it said: the globe would get warmer. It was only later that we appreciated that a planet running a fever is just like a person running a fever, which is to say it has a whole lot of other symptoms: in this case, droughts, floods, wildfires, habitat disruption, sea level rise, species loss, crop death and more.

Now, you can add yet another problem to the climate change hit list: volcanoes. That’s the word from a new study conducted in Iceland and accepted for publication in Geophysical Research Letters. The finding is bad news not just for one comparatively remote part of the world, but for everywhere.

Jeffery Kluger | time.com